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Resources needed: LEGO Education SPIKE Prime Core Set

Design for Someone

Use the complete design process to solve a real-world problem linked to prostheses.

 

TIME: 120+ MINS     |      LEVEL: INTERMEDIATE     |     GRADE: UPPER PRIMARY TO SECONDARY

Lesson Plan

 

1. Prepare

♦   Read through the student material in the LEGO® Education SPIKE™ App.

♦   Plan accordingly, this project is designed to be run over multiple sessions.

 

Part A

2. Engage (15 Min.)

♦   Use the ideas in the Ignite a Discussion section below to engage your students in a discussion related to this lesson.

♦   Use the video to explain the lesson.

 

3. Explore (30 Min.)

♦   Allow your students time to brainstorm.

♦   Have them work in pairs to choose 2 ideas they’d like to try.

 

Part B

4. Explain (45 Min.)

♦   Have each pair of students build and test their 2 chosen solutions.

♦   Make sure they can create their own tables to collect data about their testing method.

 

Part C

5. Elaborate (45 Min.)

♦   Facilitate a sharing session with each team presenting their results.

 

6. Evaluate

♦   Give feedback on each student’s performance.

♦   You can use the assessment rubrics provided to simplify the process.

Ignite a Discussion

Start a discussion about prosthetic and what your students would do if they had to replace someone’s hand with a new function.

♦   Have them think about someone who’s missing a limb and what they’d most like to do with a prosthesis.

♦   Ask them to get crazy and think about reinventing a hand. What would a chef, mechanic, or even a student like them like to have instead of a hand?

David Aguilar Amphoux

Building Tips

Open-Ended Solutions

This project is designed so that every student or team can have a unique solution.

 

Example Solution

Give all of your students the same starting point by having them build this arm. Ask them to make it their own by designing a specific function such as grabbing fairly big objects.

Coding Tips

Main Program

Differentiation

Simplify this lesson by:

♦   Using the suggested example solution as the starting point for all students

♦   Narrowing the task to something very specific such as picking up a piece of fruit or turning a door handle.

 

Take this lesson to the next level by:

♦   Inviting a specialist from the prosthesis department at a college, hospital, or university to speak to your class.

♦   Pairing up with a specialist to try to design a real-life solution for someone.

♦   Using 3D printed or laser cut parts, if you have those tools available.

Assessment Opportunities

Teacher Observation Checklist

Create a scale that matches your needs, for example:

1. Partially accomplished

2. Fully accomplished

3. Overachieved

 

Use the following success criteria to evaluate your students’ progress:

♦   Students can identify the key elements of a problem.

♦   Students are autonomous in developing a working and creative solution.

♦   Students can clearly communicate their ideas.

 

Self-Assessment

Have each student choose the brick that they feel best represents their performance.

♦   Blue: I’ve successfully created a new hand.

♦   Yellow: I’ve successfully created a new hand that has a creative way of performing the desired function.

♦   Violet: I’ve successfully created a new hand that has has a creative way of performing the desired function and I’ve presented my ideas in a way that’s clear and easy to understand.

 

Peer-Assessment

Encourage your students to provide feedback to others by:

♦   Having one student score the performance of another using the colored brick scale above.

♦   Asking them to present constructive feedback to each other so that they can improve their group’s performance during the next lesson.

Language Arts Extension

To incorporate language arts skills development:

♦   Have your students use text, images, videos, sketches, etc. to record their design process, creating an invention notebook to document their project.

♦   Have them present their project to a wider audience (e.g., during a science fair).

Career Links

Students who enjoyed this lesson might be interested in exploring these careers pathways:

♦   Health Science (Biomedical)

♦   Health Science (Medical & Health Careers)

♦   Health Science (Medical Assistant)

♦   Manufacturing And Engineering (Pre-Engineering)

Teacher/Parent Support

Students will have:

♦  Use the design process to create a solution to a real-life problem

© 2017 Duck Learning. All rights reserved.

LEGO, the LEGO logo, DUPLO, SOFT, and MINDSTORMS Education logos; the Brick and Knob configurations and the Minifigure are trademarks of the LEGO Group.

© 2017 The LEGO Group. All rights reserved.

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